Tag: #scripture

For Irenaeus (c. 180 A.D.), Christian faith is biblical faith

Last week I commented on a beautiful passage by the second-century Christian theologian Irenaeus (c. 180 A.D.) showing his belief in both the full humanity and the full divinity of Christ. One of the things that comes across loud and clear in that passage is that, for Irenaeus, Christian faith is biblical faith. Before we

When did the Bible become the Bible? — Part #1 (The New Testament)

[Part 1. New Testament] [Part 2. Old Testament] A friend once asked me, “When did the Bible become the Bible?” Although that is a question with a fairly well-understood answer historically, it’s not a simple, straightforward answer to relate; it’s one that, to be properly understood, requires some time to explain (and I told him

The Canon of Scripture defined in two early(ish) statements

One of the Christian historical questions about which there is a great deal of misunderstanding and misinformation is when the New Testament became the New Testament. In other words, when did the 27 individual books get collected together into what we now know as ‘the New Testament’? I will write about this in a subsequent

Comparison of the books of the Old Testament in various Christian traditions

[Comparison table] [Why the difference?] What are the differences between the Old Testament used by Protestants, Roman Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Slavonic Bible used by the Russian Orthodox Church? All of these Christian traditions use an identical New Testament consisting of the 27 books listed by Athanasius in his Easter Letter of

The three ‘levels of interpretation’ of Scripture

The early Christian theologians frequently interpreted Scripture in multiple different senses. For example, they often draw the distinction between the plain meaning of a passage, and its ‘spiritual’ sense. What’s important to realize is that any passage of Scripture can be interpreted in both senses. There is not a mutual exclusivity between the plain sense